Oriental rugs are extremely durable, but they do need regular care to ensure they remain in top condition.
If a spill occurs on your rug use the following steps:
In order to prevent serious damage or the natural vegetable dyes from “running”, we recommend using a professional rug cleaning service to clean your rug.
Kismet Fine Rugs offers professional cleaning services for your handmade rugs.
Give us a call: (307) 739-8984
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Khotan rugs were once called Samarkand rugs after the Central Asian trading center. They combine Chinese details with Central Asian design schemes and Western vivid coloring, except where recent fugitive dyes have reduced their effect to washed-out pastels. The technique of allsilk Khotan rugs, some of which have areas of metal thread, has been influenced to some degree by the earlier carpets of Persia, but the decoration generally consists of lattice designs bearing clusters of rosettes. The borders may have Chinese wave and fret patterns or flowering vines. Saffs, multiple prayer rugs for the use of a group, have been woven in wool and in silk. Khotan rugs with woolen pile have cotton warp and mixed-color wool or cotton weft and are usually made with the asymmetrical knot. Field colors may be blue, yellow, or white, as well as the usual red.
Sarouk: A Sarouk is a type of Persian rug originally woven in the Arak weaving district of Iran in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Abadeh: Abadeh rugs often feature bold colors, commonly with a red field with an ivory, dark blue or black border. They commonly feature a medallion centered in the middle of the rug, and spandrels covering the each corner of the field with a gul anchoring each. Better Abadeh rugs are often woven with nice quality, durable wool and dense structure. Abadeh rugs do not "drape" as much as other Persian rugs, as construction is very tight and fairly rigid. Design elements often found in the field are cypress trees woven in the center under and above the center medallion, along with scattered small geometric flowers.
Heriz: Heriz carpets are tribal hand-woven rugs produced by Azerbaijan Turkish inhabitants of the city of Heriz in Northwestern Iran. They are famous among designers because of their large vivid vegetable or soft earth tones that are woven into a geometric pattern. While no two Heriz rugs are identical, they generally tend to have a recognizable similarity in design and weaving structures. Most have a large central medallion embedded within a lighter field. Rugs made by Heriz weavers are highly prized for their marvelous design and sturdiness. Their charm lies mainly in the balance of the colors. Today, some of the largest carpets produced in Iran are from Heriz. Other descriptive names that are used are: Serapi (Rugs woven 1800-1910) Bakhshayesh or Bakhshaish (woven 1780- 1900) Goravan (woven 1850-Present) Karajdgeh (woven 1850-Present).
Baku: Carpet was not just an export item in Baku. Due to oil Baku has always been a wealthy town. Thus, carpets were honored gifts for many and were often donated to the Baku Mosques. These rugs were a point of pride. The knot density of Baku rugs varies between 150 000 to 200 000 knots per square meter (100 to 130 knots per square inch). Warps are always wool and wefts are either 2 shots of two or three ply ivory or brown wool or cotton.
Gabbeh: Gabbeh translates to unclipped. These rugs are thick, long-piled rugs and sometimes labeled as "contemporary". These rugs feature a "folk style” design and are primarily made by the Qashqai, a nomadic tribe of the Fars. The field of Gabbeh rugs is often one solid color (perhaps without borders), depicting woven, geometric animal and human interpretations. Colors often are on the brighter and upbeat side, with rich and deep golds, reds, blues and others.
Bokhara: The Bokhara design is a traditional repetitive pattern using a design element known as a "gul". The gul design is actually a stylized flower. Guls often vary in shape and design from rug to rug, but in any given individual weaving, the guls are arranged in uniform rows and columns in the field. Generally speaking, the guls may come in many forms. Most often, they are slightly oblong, shapely yet geometric. Bokhara rugs are almost always wool pile on either a wool or cotton foundation however this depends highly on country of origin. Bokhara design rugs are usually woven with very few "top" colors in each rug. It's unusual to find a Bokhara rug containing more than 6 different colors. Colors are traditionally bold, including red, ivory, rust and black
Kilim: Kilims represent symbols of family tradition and tribal identity. No two hand-woven Kilims are exactly the same color in and size, which make each unique—a virtual piece of nomadic flat woven art, which historically was often part of a bride’s dowry. Weaving techniques vary from region to region. Only women do the weaving and generally on horizontal looms. It can take up to one year with four weavers to complete a larger Kilim. Antique Kilims are becoming increasingly difficult to find as collectors take down supply. Most Kilims are made from 100% handspun indigenous wool with natural vegetal dyes and hand woven on family looms.
Tabriz: Tabriz carpets are often considered among the finest woven rugs in the world. Tabriz carpets have great variation in designs including medallions, hunting patterns, prayer and pictorial rugs. Some Tabriz rugs may be extremely fine in quality and sheared very thin, while others during the 1960's were fairly thick and of a coarser quality. Tabriz rugs are often woven with wool or silk on either a cotton or silk foundation and rarely, if ever, feature a wool foundation. Color palette can vary from very bold and contrasting shades to subtle and even pastel coloring as well. Perhaps one of the most consistent features to Tabriz Carpets are the design elements: Tabriz carpets often have palmettes integrated into the borders, rarely ever have Islimi's (or flowing vines) in the background, and are most often measured in quality with RAJ count.
Kashan: Kashan is the first of the large oases along the Qom-Kerman road, which runs along the edge of the Great Desert. Kashan rug designs are perhaps some of the most popular of all Persian Designs. These rugs are highly characterized by both the use of color, designs and design elements. While there are many exceptions, traditionally, Kashan colors most often used are red (in the field), blue (in the border) and white. At the end of the 19th century, the weavers in Kashan began to produce high quality wool rugs and carpets. The very best carpets are known as Motashem. They often have medallion designs but allover Kashans are not uncommon.
Nain: Nain rugs and carpets are made in Nain, Iran. Among Persian rugs, Nains are perhaps the more technical weavings made today. The way in which Nain rugs are graded is on a Laa scale, which literally translates and refers to "layers" or ply of each warp the rug is woven upon. Nain rugs and carpets are perhaps some of the more recognizable weavings produced today. The coloring is very fresh and clean. Nain is one of the few cities that use white wool as a predominant color. They are often easily identified by their heavy use of navy blue (often a field color), white (often a field color), cream, and some reds. While Nain "design" rugs are made in many different colors, most of the true Nains, or ones which are not from outlying cities, are consistently of a higher quality of 225 KPSI or greater. Interestingly enough, despite the higher quality, it's very unusual for a Nain rug or carpet to feature more than 8 different colors total.
Nain rugs are available in our gallery. Please call for details. Kismet Fine Rugs (307) 739-8984
Mashad: Mashad is a city in Northeast Iran, which produces varying qualities of Oriental and Persian Rugs from low to high investment grade. Mashad Oriental rugs often employ bolder colors, sometimes with top colors on the pastel side, although often predominantly deep and rich overall. Commercial quality Mashad rugs are often found to have medallions, less pastel colors and KPSI around 100. Higher grade Mashads may implement several types of fibers including silk, wool, kurk wool, and cotton or silk foundations. Unlike some Persian rugs, which feature flowers, or palmettes. Mashads sometimes emphasize leaf shapes as stronger design elements, often jagged and angular, yet shapely as well
Kazak: Kazak rugs are strongly geometric with figures, birds and flowers reduced to straight lines. The simplicity of Kazak rug patterns makes them easy to work with. Typically, the rugs have coarse long piles carpets with shiny wool and vigorous designs. The Caucasus is a difficult mountain are that has now been incorporated into Russia but the region has been home to many Turkish and Persian tribes. Rugs from this region are referred to as Caucasian Kazaks.
Kazak Rugs are available in our gallery. Please call for details. Kismet Fine Rugs (307) 739-8984
Kerman: Kerman is a type of Persian Rug which is at least 50 years old, no older than 99 years old. Kermans have for a long time had a long claim to fame in the American Market. Similar to the popularity of the American Sarouk, Kermans had a long run of demand from the 1930's through the 1970's. Semi antique Kermans are often characterized by their heavy handle, dense wool, and thick pile. While many variations and qualities have been made over the years, Kermans are usually woven in the vicinity of 140-225 KPSI. Often these rugs would have large ornate medallions woven in the midst of a solid color and/or floral field. One of the most distinguishing aspects in Kermans is infrequent use of bright jewel tones woven in conjunction with pastel colors.
Ghom: (also spelled Qum, Ghum, Qom, etc.) Ghom silk rugs, other than being silk on silk, are some of the most elusive rugs to pin to any specific type of design. Some of the most distinguishing elements to these rugs are their high investment value, very thin pile height, and high knot count, often between 400-860 KPSI (sometimes exceeding the latter for some very exceptional qualities). To handle, high quality Ghom silks are fairly dense considering how thin the construction seems. When lifted, Ghom silks will often drape over the hand, and are very malleable, able to be folded up neatly and compact Perhaps one of the more common themes with Ghom silk rugs is the double ply silk fringe/foundation and use of signatures located in the center of the guard border very close to the fringe outside of the border. The surging on either side of Ghom silks is often extremely delicately sewn often with a single ply silk carefully stitched along the either edge. Other construction characteristics include knots starting the fringe as very small and tightly butted up against the end of the rug where the pile ends. General colors are often jewel toned, as well as being very rich and deep. Perhaps a reason to why these rugs are so difficult to pin a design to may have to do with the fairly recent creation of such weavings. Most silk on silk Ghom rugs found will have been produced post 1940. However, one thing is certain, while Ghom rugs are made in varying qualities designs and colors, they are among some of the finer rugs being produced today. Proof of this can be seen in how many other rug producing countries have attempted to copy such weavings in recent years.
GHOM/QUM/GHUM/QOM Rugs are available in our gallery. Please call for details. Kismet Fine Rugs (307) 739-8984
Kuba: Kuba Rugs were considered the best rugs of the Caucasus when they were originally produced. The 5 Lezgi tribes primarily populated Kuba and the rugs appear to have been made by Lezgi (largest of the Lezgi Ethno-Linguistic group) and Tabassaran weavers. The Lezgi/Tabassaran weave is a denser than most Caucasian rugs, symmetrically knotted, ribbed back and tends towards blue selvages. It has been suggested to me that Lezgi sub-group of Lezgi run a supplementary weft several inch into the field at irregular intervals. Kuba rugs come in many qualities, but non-are sub-standard. Patterns can repeat themes from neighboring Perpedil, Konagkend, and Seichur, but a Kuba usually has a border with a variant of the "Running Dog", stars, carnations, and/or flowers. The field is usually a dark indigo. Warps are light or light brown, wefts are double and light, selvages double and light.
Veramin: These Oriental rugs are made in and around southeast of Tehran, Iran. The Veramin style is perhaps more commonly known for the use of repeated, sometimes diagonally oriented pattern, often referred to as “Mina Khani”. Mina Khani designs feature a highly stylized floral arrangement circularly connected. Colors used in floral arrangements render the final field, creating a lattice look. Colors in these rugs have a diverse range of blue, orange, ivory and sometimes green.
Veramin Rugs are available in our gallery. Please call for details. Kismet Fine Rugs (307) 739-8984
Teke: Tekke Turkmen, the major population group of Turkmenistan. Although elements of the tribe still migrated with their flocks until the Soviet era, most of them were sedentary during the 20th century. Their rugs are the most easily identifiable among the Turkmen, as the quartered gul (characteristic motif) of their larger carpets has become something of a trademark of the tribe and has frequently been copied in other rug weaving areas. Blue lines join gul centers with smaller figures between the guls. Tekke rugs almost always show various shades of red as a field color and are all wool except for patches of pink silk on some of the earlier pieces. The best of them are the most finely woven of Turkmen rugs, with short pile and lustrous wool.
Soumak (Soumakh or Sumac): This refers both to the carpets made with the Soumak technique and the technique itself. Primarily practiced in the eastern Caucasus Mountains, this technique produces a flat-woven carpet, using weft wrapping in which wefts are pulled over then wrapped under a series of warps. The result is a herringbone like weave.
Soumak Rugs are available in our gallery. Please call for details. Kismet Fine Rugs (307) 739-8984
From Georgia. Distinctively, these carpets possess a warp light yarn and two brown weft threads.
Hadji Jalili: Tabrīz, Iran is located in the northwestern portion of the country Hadji (Haj) Jalili rugs and carpets are possibly the most elusive rugs in the market. It is unknown whether or not Hadji Jalili was an actual workshop or a contractor of higher end rugs. These rugs met the highest of standards for Tabriz rugs. Whatever the case may be, it is widely known that many of the finest Persian Tabriz rugs from the fourth quarter of the 19th century are almost always attributed to Hadji Jalili, despite lack of evidence. The colors most common to these carpets include burnt orange, ivory, black, gold, aqua blue, and many others. Silk on silk attributions often have 375+ KPSI, and colors featured include ivory, brown, bright aqua blue, and subtle earthy tones.