Teke: Tekke Turkmen, the major population group of Turkmenistan. Although elements of the tribe still migrated with their flocks until the Soviet era, most of them were sedentary during the 20th century. Their rugs are the most easily identifiable among the Turkmen, as the quartered gul (characteristic motif) of their larger carpets has become something of a trademark of the tribe and has frequently been copied in other rug weaving areas. Blue lines join gul centers with smaller figures between the guls. Tekke rugs almost always show various shades of red as a field color and are all wool except for patches of pink silk on some of the earlier pieces. The best of them are the most finely woven of Turkmen rugs, with short pile and lustrous wool.
From Georgia. Distinctively, these carpets possess a warp light yarn and two brown weft threads.
Kuba: Kuba Rugs were considered the best rugs of the Caucasus when they were originally produced. The 5 Lezgi tribes primarily populated Kuba and the rugs appear to have been made by Lezgi (largest of the Lezgi Ethno-Linguistic group) and Tabassaran weavers. The Lezgi/Tabassaran weave is a denser than most Caucasian rugs, symmetrically knotted, ribbed back and tends towards blue selvages. It has been suggested to me that Lezgi sub-group of Lezgi run a supplementary weft several inch into the field at irregular intervals. Kuba rugs come in many qualities, but non-are sub-standard. Patterns can repeat themes from neighboring Perpedil, Konagkend, and Seichur, but a Kuba usually has a border with a variant of the "Running Dog", stars, carnations, and/or flowers. The field is usually a dark indigo. Warps are light or light brown, wefts are double and light, selvages double and light.
Kerman: Kerman is a type of Persian Rug which is at least 50 years old, no older than 99 years old. Kermans have for a long time had a long claim to fame in the American Market. Similar to the popularity of the American Sarouk, Kermans had a long run of demand from the 1930's through the 1970's. Semi antique Kermans are often characterized by their heavy handle, dense wool, and thick pile. While many variations and qualities have been made over the years, Kermans are usually woven in the vicinity of 140-225 KPSI. Often these rugs would have large ornate medallions woven in the midst of a solid color and/or floral field. One of the most distinguishing aspects in Kermans is infrequent use of bright jewel tones woven in conjunction with pastel colors.
Kilim: Kilims represent symbols of family tradition and tribal identity. No two hand-woven Kilims are exactly the same color in and size, which make each unique—a virtual piece of nomadic flat woven art, which historically was often part of a bride’s dowry. Weaving techniques vary from region to region. Only women do the weaving and generally on horizontal looms. It can take up to one year with four weavers to complete a larger Kilim. Antique Kilims are becoming increasingly difficult to find as collectors take down supply. Most Kilims are made from 100% handspun indigenous wool with natural vegetal dyes and hand woven on family looms.
Abadeh: Abadeh rugs often feature bold colors, commonly with a red field with an ivory, dark blue or black border. They commonly feature a medallion centered in the middle of the rug, and spandrels covering the each corner of the field with a gul anchoring each. Better Abadeh rugs are often woven with nice quality, durable wool and dense structure. Abadeh rugs do not "drape" as much as other Persian rugs, as construction is very tight and fairly rigid. Design elements often found in the field are cypress trees woven in the center under and above the center medallion, along with scattered small geometric flowers.
Bokhara: The Bokhara design is a traditional repetitive pattern using a design element known as a "gul". The gul design is actually a stylized flower. Guls often vary in shape and design from rug to rug, but in any given individual weaving, the guls are arranged in uniform rows and columns in the field. Generally speaking, the guls may come in many forms. Most often, they are slightly oblong, shapely yet geometric. Bokhara rugs are almost always wool pile on either a wool or cotton foundation however this depends highly on country of origin. Bokhara design rugs are usually woven with very few "top" colors in each rug. It's unusual to find a Bokhara rug containing more than 6 different colors. Colors are traditionally bold, including red, ivory, rust and black
Heriz: Heriz carpets are tribal hand-woven rugs produced by Azerbaijan Turkish inhabitants of the city of Heriz in Northwestern Iran. They are famous among designers because of their large vivid vegetable or soft earth tones that are woven into a geometric pattern. While no two Heriz rugs are identical, they generally tend to have a recognizable similarity in design and weaving structures. Most have a large central medallion embedded within a lighter field. Rugs made by Heriz weavers are highly prized for their marvelous design and sturdiness. Their charm lies mainly in the balance of the colors. Today, some of the largest carpets produced in Iran are from Heriz. Other descriptive names that are used are: Serapi (Rugs woven 1800-1910) Bakhshayesh or Bakhshaish (woven 1780- 1900) Goravan (woven 1850-Present) Karajdgeh (woven 1850-Present).
Baku: Carpet was not just an export item in Baku. Due to oil Baku has always been a wealthy town. Thus, carpets were honored gifts for many and were often donated to the Baku Mosques. These rugs were a point of pride. The knot density of Baku rugs varies between 150 000 to 200 000 knots per square meter (100 to 130 knots per square inch). Warps are always wool and wefts are either 2 shots of two or three ply ivory or brown wool or cotton.
Gabbeh: Gabbeh translates to unclipped. These rugs are thick, long-piled rugs and sometimes labeled as "contemporary". These rugs feature a "folk style” design and are primarily made by the Qashqai, a nomadic tribe of the Fars. The field of Gabbeh rugs is often one solid color (perhaps without borders), depicting woven, geometric animal and human interpretations. Colors often are on the brighter and upbeat side, with rich and deep golds, reds, blues and others.