Khotan rugs were once called Samarkand rugs after the Central Asian trading center. They combine Chinese details with Central Asian design schemes and Western vivid coloring, except where recent fugitive dyes have reduced their effect to washed-out pastels. The technique of allsilk Khotan rugs, some of which have areas of metal thread, has been influenced to some degree by the earlier carpets of Persia, but the decoration generally consists of lattice designs bearing clusters of rosettes. The borders may have Chinese wave and fret patterns or flowering vines. Saffs, multiple prayer rugs for the use of a group, have been woven in wool and in silk. Khotan rugs with woolen pile have cotton warp and mixed-color wool or cotton weft and are usually made with the asymmetrical knot. Field colors may be blue, yellow, or white, as well as the usual red.
Sarouk: A Sarouk is a type of Persian rug originally woven in the Arak weaving district of Iran in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Abadeh: Abadeh rugs often feature bold colors, commonly with a red field with an ivory, dark blue or black border. They commonly feature a medallion centered in the middle of the rug, and spandrels covering the each corner of the field with a gul anchoring each. Better Abadeh rugs are often woven with nice quality, durable wool and dense structure. Abadeh rugs do not "drape" as much as other Persian rugs, as construction is very tight and fairly rigid. Design elements often found in the field are cypress trees woven in the center under and above the center medallion, along with scattered small geometric flowers.
Heriz: Heriz carpets are tribal hand-woven rugs produced by Azerbaijan Turkish inhabitants of the city of Heriz in Northwestern Iran. They are famous among designers because of their large vivid vegetable or soft earth tones that are woven into a geometric pattern. While no two Heriz rugs are identical, they generally tend to have a recognizable similarity in design and weaving structures. Most have a large central medallion embedded within a lighter field. Rugs made by Heriz weavers are highly prized for their marvelous design and sturdiness. Their charm lies mainly in the balance of the colors. Today, some of the largest carpets produced in Iran are from Heriz. Other descriptive names that are used are: Serapi (Rugs woven 1800-1910) Bakhshayesh or Bakhshaish (woven 1780- 1900) Goravan (woven 1850-Present) Karajdgeh (woven 1850-Present).
Baku: Carpet was not just an export item in Baku. Due to oil Baku has always been a wealthy town. Thus, carpets were honored gifts for many and were often donated to the Baku Mosques. These rugs were a point of pride. The knot density of Baku rugs varies between 150 000 to 200 000 knots per square meter (100 to 130 knots per square inch). Warps are always wool and wefts are either 2 shots of two or three ply ivory or brown wool or cotton.
Gabbeh: Gabbeh translates to unclipped. These rugs are thick, long-piled rugs and sometimes labeled as "contemporary". These rugs feature a "folk style” design and are primarily made by the Qashqai, a nomadic tribe of the Fars. The field of Gabbeh rugs is often one solid color (perhaps without borders), depicting woven, geometric animal and human interpretations. Colors often are on the brighter and upbeat side, with rich and deep golds, reds, blues and others.